Pseudolaelia brejetubensis M. Frey
Bradea Vol IX (8):33-36-2003

Typus: Brazil, Espírito Santo, Brejetuba, Monte Feio, 1100-1400 m.s.m VI 2001 (fl) Mr Frey 30 & l. C. F. Perrim (Holotypus: RB).

It was discovered on the Monte Feio, an inselberg (granitic outcrop) at the edges of the lathosol plaques, on Nanuza (Velloziaceae) at 1100-1400 m.s.m (Brejetuba, in the state of Espírito Santo) and also occurs in Minas Gerais, near to the boundary with Espírito Santo, in Pedra da Invejada (Municipality of Mutum) where has been found by Wladyslaw Zaslawski (M. Frey).

(original illustration of the description)
Photos: Michel Frey
Pseudolaelia brejetubensis - vegetative habit (habitat photo:Michel Frey)

Pseudolaelia brejetubensis habitat
(also habitat of Hoffmannseggella colnagoi)
Photo: Aleksandro Zaslawski

Pseudolaelia canaanensis
(Ruschi) F. Barros

Hoehnea - volume 29
Geographical distribution: State of Espírito Santo (Santa Teresa, Itaguassu, Santa Leopoldina, Afonso Cláudio and Brejetuba districts).
In 1946, Augusto Ruschi described a new genus (Renata) based on a species he named Renata canaanensis and published it in Publ. Arq. Público Estado Espírito Santo 1946. Later, in 1994, it has been transferred, by Fabio de Barros, to the genus Pseudolaelia.
The very paniculated stalk can reach 120cm, showing more than 140 small light yellow flowers. They are very scented The lip is bright yellow and doesn't have the lateral lobes.
This is very big erect plant varying from 70 to 130cm.

Augusto Ruschi (photo by Expressão e Cultura)

Pseudolaelia canaanensis in Brejetuba (photo:Michel Frey)

Pseudolaelia cipoensis Pabst
Bradea vol I(36) 365:366 e 370 - 1973

"Habitat: Minas Gerais, Serra do Cipó, c. 1400 msm. Leg. Dr. Br Antón Ghillány, nº 209, 15 Mai. 1970 - Holotypus HB-57099.
This new species of Pseudolaelia belongs to the group of wide petals character of P. corcovadensis and P. geraensis from which it is easily distinguished by the shape of the lip. Pseudolaelia dutrae and Pseudolaelia vellozicola have rather narrow petals

Photo: Aleksandro Zaslawski

(original illustration of the description)

Pseudolaelia citrina Pabst
Bradea vol II (12) 69:70 - 1976

"Habitat: Minas Gerais, pr. Ibiraçu, 1200msm, epiphyta in Velloziaceae, soli prorsus exposita. Legit R. Kautsky nr 490, 7. MAJ. 1975. Holotypus-HB.
By the color yellow-citrin of the flowers which are really small, this new species distinguishes since the first sight. To whom who consider Pseudolaelia as an hybrid, Pseudolaelia citrina will make troubles to discover which are the parents"
(extracted from the description of the species).
Probably Pabst referred to Jones because in his opinion, all species were variants of a hybrid population between Schomburgkia and Encyclia.

It grows exposed to the sun on Vellozia.
P. citrina
was found by R. Kautsky 30 years ago, at Pedra Santa (in the state of Minas Gerais, in the municipality of Mutum/Imbiruçu). It has a very small area of distribution and has never been found in another place (Michel Frey).
The plant is very small as well the flowers which sepals don't reach 10mm long.

Photo by Aleksandro Zaslawski

(original illustration of the description)

Pseudolaelia corcovadensis
Pôrto & Brade

Arquivos do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal 2: 209. 1935.

It grows on Corcovado Hill on Vellozia. It has been also found in Tijuca, São José do Rio Preto and Maria Madalena mountains (Pabst l976). H. S. Irwin e S.F. da Fonseca & R. Souza have found this species in Minas Gerais, Diamantina, at 900 m (Missouri Botanical Garden).
It has been only found as epiphyte growing in Velozias always in altitudes reached by the clouds which supply copious humidity to the region (Pabst l976).
In the Serra dos Órgãos, it is found between 700 and 1.000m altitude (David Miller & all, 2006) and found in Serra do Garimpo, Minas Gerais, at the same altitude. It occurs from sea level (Pseudolaelia vellozicola) to 1400m altitude.
The flowers of this species don't have nectar and are pollinated by the Bombus atratus Franklin by the duping mechanism (Borba & Braga, 2003).
The work done by Eduardo L. Borba e Pedro Ivo S. Braga called "Reproductive biology of Pseudolaelia corcovadensis Porto & Brade (Orchidaceae): melittophyly and self-compatibility in a basal Laeliinae", was published in the "Revista Brasileira de Botânica Bot., Dec./Oct. 2003, vol.26, no.4, p.541-549. ISSN 0100-8404.
Photo:Sergio Araujo

Photo by Aleksandro Zaslawski

Pseudolaelia corcovadensis - vegetative habit
(photo: Sergio Araujo)

Pedra Santa, in the district of Imbirussu, Mutum Municipality, in the state of
Minas Gerais, on the boundary of the state of Espírito Santo at 1100 m altitude
Photo by Michel Frey

Pseudolaelia dutrae Ruschi
Boletim do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão 1: 40. 1949.

"Habitat: Espírito Santo. Santa Tereza. Barra do Rio Perdido. Alt 400-600ms. Epiphyta ad Velloziaceae. Exemplar tipo Herbario Museu de Biologia Professor Mello Leitão nº 1501"

Photos by Aleksandro Zaslawski

Pseudolaelia freyi Chiron & V.P. Castro
Ricardiana Vol IV(4) -2004 - 156:162

Typus :Brazil , Espírito Santo, Brejetuba, Monte Feio, 20° 10’ 35’’ to 20° 11’ 15’’ S, 41° 16’ 45’’ to 41° 17’ 15’’ W, altitude 1 100-1 400 m, June 2004, M. Frey & L.C. Perim 702 (holotypus : MBML, n°22467).
Isotypus : M. Frey & L.C. Perim 704 (LY) and M. Frey & L.C. Perim 706 (MBML, n°22468). pink flowers specimens have also been registered : M. Frey & L.C. Perim 703 & 707 (MBML, n°22469 & 22470), M. Frey & L.C. Perim 705 (LY) ; all of them collected in June 2004 in the same place.

"P. freyi is found in an area at about 20 ha on the inselberg of Monte Feio (Brejetuba, Espírito Santo) as well as on a surface a little bit bigger in the neighbor inselberg. It occurs sympatric to P. canaanensis (Ruschi) Barros and P. brejetubensis M. Frey, which are not found the nearest places. We believe it occurs only on Velloziaceae, numerous in those inselbergs, it is interesting to notice that it seems to prefer Nanuza plicata. It avoid all eutrophised zones and particularly, those where the Poaceaes are developed and still more where this is ligneous vegetation. Blooming from April to July".
(extracted from the description of the species (see Richardiana and Novelties in Pseudolaelia, in Orchid News #29)

(original illustrations of the description)

Photos Michel Frey
Pseudolaelia freyi - var rose
Photos Michel Frey

Photo by Aleksandro Zaslawski

Pseudolaelia freyi - habitat in Monte Feio (photo by Michel Frey)

Pseudolaelia geraensis
Orquídea 29: 63. 1967.

Habitat: Brasil - Minas Gerais, in saxis calcaris ad marginem viae Nanuque - Teófilo Otoni. Leg. R. P. Belém nº 1629. 14 Aug. 1965 (Holotypus Ceplac - Cepec - Herbario nº 1854. Itabuna).
The new species in closest to Pseudolaelia corcovadensis with which it has in common the broad sepals and petals the lip is interely different however."

(original illustration of the description)

Photo by Aleksandro Zaslawski
Pseudolaelia geraiensis, in Ataleia, MG
(photo by Luiz Carlos Perim)

Pseudolaelia irwiniana Pabst

Bradea vol I(36) 366:367 e 370 - 1973

"Habitat: Minas Gerais, 18km. E. of Diamantina, cerrado interspead with oucrops, 900msm. Leg H. S. Irwin, Fonseca, Souza e Ramos Nr. 27706, 16 Mar. 1970, Holotypus - UNB, Isotypi NY, HB.
This new species is closest related to P.Corcovandenis Porto & Brade, differring in the shape of its petals and lip and has a much shorter and relatively thicker column".
Extracted from the description of the species.
Also found in Serra do Caraça (Wladyslaw Zaslawski in Orchid News #28)

(original illustration of the description) 

Photo by Aleksandro Zaslawski

Pseudolaelia maquijiensis M. Frey
Richardiana Vol. V(1).39:45. January 2005

TYPUS: Brazil, Espírito Santo, in boundary between Baixo Guandu and Colatina counties, Morro do Maquiji, 19° 29’ 55’’ S, from 40° 50’ to 40° 52’ W, at about 700 m altitude, May 2004 (blooming), M. Frey 655 & L. C. F. Perim (Holotypus : MBML, Isotypus LY).
P. maquijiensis is found on the surface of « Morro do Maquiji », in the boundary of the Colatina and Baixo Guandu counties, in the center of Espírito Santo, Brazil. It is sympatric to P. dutrae Ruschi, which flowers are pink. It is presumed to be exclusively lithophyte, in small clumps over bared and exposed parts of the hill. Blooming in May .
extracted from the description of the species (see Richardiana and Novelties in Pseudolaelia, in Orchid News #29)

(original illustrations of the description by Luca Fontani)


Photos Michel Frey

Pseudolaelia pavopolitana M. Frey
Richardiana Vol. V (4) September 2005 - 203:209

Typus : Brazil, Espírito Santo, Vila Pavão, Morro do Cruzeiro, 18° 39’ S, 40° 33’ W, alt. 350 m approximately, collected in 2004 (with flowers) by M. Frey & L.C.F. Perim, M. Frey 672 (holotypus : MBML, #24007) ; isotypus (LY) collected in May 2005 (with flowers) by M. Frey & L.C.F. Perim, M. Frey 851.

This species comes from the mountain ranges of northern Espírito Santo, Brazil. It grows in an area which has at about 100 m² in Pedra do Cruzeiro, an inselberg granitic in the neighborhoods of Vila Pavão, a city in the north of Espírito Santo. It grows in a cliff quite vertical covered by lichens in which the roots are attached. Due to the position, the plants seldom see the sun, just during the peak of summer.
In the same granitic outcrop, another species are found such as
Pseudolaelia dutrae Ruschi (abundantly) and Encyclia spiritusanctensis

Menezes, associated to Bromeliaceae (Dyckia sp, Alcantarea sp), Velloziaceae (Nanuza plicata J.B. Smith & Ayensu, Vellozia sp) and cactus. It has also been found in some other hills in Vila Pavão surroundings. It is the smallest species known (P. citrina Pabst e P. maquijiensis M. Frey). However it differs from the known species of the genus by many particularities. First of all, by the habitat, a south direction cliff which rarely receives the sunbeam. It also differs from the Pseudolaelia with yellow or green-yellowish flowers (P. canaanensis, P. citrina and P. maquijiensis) and from Pseudolaelia with pink and white flowers (P. brejetubensis, P. cipoensis, P. corcovadensis, P freyi, P. geraensis, P. irwiniana, P. vellozicola and P. x perimii) for having tricolor flowers (green-yellowish petals and sepals, pink and white lip).
Extracted from the description of the species (see Richardiana and Novelties in Pseudolaelia, in Orchid News #29).

(original illustration of the description by Marcio Lacerda)
A- Plant B- Opened flower C - Side view of the flower D- Anther and pollinia E - Capsule

Pseudolaelia pavopolitana - habitat (Photos Michel Frey)

Pseudolaelia vellozicola
(Hoehne) Pôrto & Brade

Arquivos do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal 2: 211. 1935.

Pseudolaelia vellozicola grows in the "restinga" (coastal vegetation), in the state of Espírito Santo, as epiphyte (Cláudio Nicoletti de Fraga e Ariane Luna Peixoto).
Hoehne, in page 98, in Iconografia de Orchidaceas do Brasil, mentioned "that in the rocks exposed to the sunbeam, in the high part of Tijuca, grows under Vellozia the interesting Schomburgkia vellozicola (Pseudolaelia) which also grows in Serra do Caraça, Minas Gerais". Probably he was talking about Pseudolaelia corcovadensis when he talked about Tijuca which has been found in June 1935, in Corcovado.

Photo Sergio Araujo

Pseudolaelia vellozicola (suave found at the seaside)
Photo: Aleksandro Zaslawski
Pseudolaelia vellozicola (type - found at the seaside)
Photo: Aleksandro Zaslawski

Pseudolaelia vellozicola
(type and suave)
Photo: Aleksandro Zaslawski

Photo: Sergio Araujo

Pseudolaelia x perimii M. Frey
Richardiana Vol V (3) 158:164- 2005

Holotypus: Brazil , Espírito Santo, Brejetuba, Monte Feio, 20° 10’ 35’’ to 20° 11’ S, 41° 16’ 45’’ to 41° 17’ 15’’ W, altitude 1 100 to 1 400 m, May 2002, M. Frey & L.C.F.Perim 231 (holotypus : MBML). Isotypus : M. Frey & L.C.F.Perim 847 (LY).
It is a natural hybrid discovered in the mountain ranges of Espírito Santo,Brazil , a crossing between Pseudolaelia brejetubensis M. Frey and Pseudolaelia freyi Chiron & V.P. Castro.
The species is found on the same reduced surface of Monte Feio, a granitic inselberg in Brejetuba (Espírito Santo, Brazil ) where the two species considered as its parents have been found and described. P. freyi, much more abundant, fills the totality of the biotypes with thousand plants. P. brejetubensis, less spread, only occupies a small number of places in this space and Pseudolaelia ×perimii, as we could expect from an hybrid between the two, was just found, until now, next to the place where P. brejetubensis grows. Without being truly vellozicola as P. freyi, P. ×perimii is accommodate to the neighborhood of those monocotiledoneas very typical of the biotype and, sometimes, lean on them
Extracted from the description of the species (see Richardiana and Novelties in Pseudolaelia, in Orchid News #29)

original illustration of the description by Luca Fontani - watercolors


Pseudolaelia x perimi

Pseudolaelia x perimii -
Vegetative habit - habitat.

Photos: Michel Frey