Phragmipedium chapadense Campacci & Takase
    Marcos Antonio Campacci(*)
Roberto Takase (**)

Photo: Marcos Antonio Campacci


 
Latin Diagnosis: Species haec Phragmipedium hartwegii (Rchb. f.) Pfitzer similis, sed difert semper floribus minoribus qui ille alter. Herba acaule; foliis 6-8 contemporaneis, distichis, coriaceis, loriformibus. Scapo erecto, pubescente, bracteis lanceolatis; superioribus latioribus et majoribus quam ovarium. Sepala superiore ovato-lanceolata, acuminata, 5,0-5,5 cm longa et 1,5-1,8 cm lata. Sinsepala lato-ovata, 4,5-4,8 cm longa et 3,2-3,4 cm lata. Petalae linear-lanceolatae, acutae, undulatae, 9,0 cm longae et 0,7-0,8 cm latae in bases. Labello calceolate, 5,0-5,2 cm longum et 2,4-2,5 cm latum; sacco latior qui ostium. Stamine sterili sub-eliptico, in marginibus pubescente in superiore et posteriore latere.


Description:

Typus : Brazil , near the city Alto Paraiso de Goiás, State of Goiás, in the Chapada do Veadeiros, at elevations from 700 to 900 m

Holotypus : SP

Colector: Divanir Ribeiro Ferreira, s/nº . Flower in cultivation in March 2000.

Etymology : Name givem in reference to the place were it was found, the Chapada dos Veadeiros.

Flower season : In the end of Summer in Brazil .

Habitat : Chapada dos Veadeiros in open grass fields over seapage.

 

Terrestrial plant with short rhizome, whitish roots, glabrous, with about 3,0 mm in diameter.
Coriaceous leaves, in the uper side slightly canaliculate, underside carenate, reaching 50,0 - 60,0 cm in length and 2,0 - 3,0 cm in width, dark green in the surface and ligther in the underside with no yellow margin.
The inflorescence is brown, reaching 50,0 cm in hight, pilose bearing, light green bracts of 10,0 cm. Floral bracts longer than ovary, 6,0 - 7,0 cm in size, also light green in color with a darker green venation in the surface.
Successive flowers (3 to 5) with 10,0 cm total vertical length by 13,0 cm total horizontal length. The dorsal sepal is ovate-lanceolate in shape, measuring 5,0 - 5,5 cm long by 1,5 - 1,8 cm wide, acuminate, yellow-green in color with brown venation, and in the back side is darker than the synsepal. The synsepal have the same color as the dorsal sepal, also veined, but darker in the border, measuring 4,5 - 4,8 cm long by 3,2 - 3,4 cm wide and slightly undulated in the border.
Linear-lanceolates petals, longer than the sepals, measuring 9,0 cm longer by 0,7 - 0,8 cm wide near the base and geting thiker to the end. The color of the petals is ligth green in the center with red margin bearing paralel stripes of red-brown color. Near the base they are undulated and pilose, with one or two full twists. The apices of the petals are pilose with intense red color. They held a 45° position below the horizontal line.
The lip is longer than the synsepal, measuring 5,0 - 5,2 cm long by 2,4 - 2,5 cm wide, sacate in general obovoid. The pouch is wider than the infolded side lobes, chestnut greenish in color. It bears two auricles in the margins of the aperture. The side lobes (óstio) are pale green spotted with small redish-brown dots, without other acessory spots. The joint of the side lobes is brigth green in color.
Elliptic staminode, measuring 0,6 cm long by 1,0 cm wide, brigth green with short thik redish hairs in all the uper side untill the collumn and the external border turned backside. The collumn is pubescent and has 0,4 - 0,5 cm long.


Published in: "Supplement #1 of the "Journal of Hokkaido Orchid Society - Vol. 28 - 2000"





(*) Rua Glória do Goitá, 86 - apto. Sândalo 3 - 03222-010 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
E-mail: campacci@sili.com.br

(**) Rua Dr. Diogo de Faria, 1226 apto. 13 - 04037-004 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
E-mail: takaserob@originet.com.br